The tradition of the Carnival of Viareggio is strongly connected with the events, facts, ideas and culture that have permeated Italy over the years.
There are five major historical phases in the Carnival of Viareggio.
The first phase is linked to the positive drive in the second part of the nineteenth century for Man to promote a new lifestyle propelled by idealism that revolved around humanized artistic creativity, scientific conquests and the most adventurous and daring experiments.
Despite being largely hampered by Fascism, in its second phase Carnival becomes the extravaganza of a middle class keen to portray itself.
Then, after the Second World War and with the Allies and their seductions in Italy, Carnival becomes Americanized and the floats depict picturesque allegories, highlighting the lively explosion of mechanisms and of color.
The fourth stage goes from the Sixties to the Eighties. The climate of the Carnival of Viareggio changes once again and society, locked between tensions and incitements, generates an anxious whirlwind of renewal, of revolution. Instead of divorcing from reality, along the promenade the Carnival puts on parade even Mao's slogans, a key and emblematic figure of the era.
Today, we are in the fifth phase. The Carnival of Viareggio is obviously marked by consumerism - with its monstrosities and video games - and by the abnormally large role terror plays, to which one responds with a dramatic retreat into the beauty of the environment and of art.